MUS 260 Study Guide Exam 1

MUS 260 Study Guide Exam 1 - MUS 260 History of Jazz Study...

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MUS 260 – History of Jazz Study Guide Exam 1 Essays 1. Discuss the details of the social, cultural, and musical atmosphere in New Orleans as well as how this atmosphere influenced the creation of jazz. a. Social i. The Need for Live Music – during this time there were no radios, televisions, CD’s, or tapes, movies, phones, etc, there was not much to do. There almost had to be live music and a town without a live band was a dull and boring town; therefore, sponsorships were provided to local bands by churches, organizations, fire departments, etc. ii. Party Atmosphere – it was the center of commerce because of its nearness to the mouth of the Mississippi River, a flourishing trade route for America, the Caribbean, and Europe. Because the city was seaport, it catered to travelers from all over the world, and New Orleans maintained a cosmopolitan party atmosphere. There was a famous prostitution district known as Storyville, it got its name from alderman Sidney Story. 1. The party atmosphere generated a lot of work for musicians, there was such a high demand for live music that there was a continuous need for fresh material. This caused musicians to stretch styles. They blended, salvaged, and continuously revised odd assortments of approaches and material. This ultimately became jazz. b. Cultural i. Ethnic Diversity & Creoles of Color – Sex between blacks and whites prior to the mid-1800s led to a mixing of African and European traditions. The offspring from these unions were called Creoles of Colors . Their ancestry was part African and part French. White Creoles were of French and Spanish background. They were mostly well-educated, successful people – businessmen, physicians, landowners, etc and spoke French, different from the blacks who had little to no white ancestry. The children of Creoles received high-quality musical training. The Creoles maintained a resident symphony and supported an opera house. ii. – many of these were retained in the New World despite their contrast with musical tastes and traditions of the majority culture. 1. Children’s games – highly rhythmic and physical, syncopated 2. African-American church music – practicing the modifications to European church hymns that slaves had incorporated. Spiced them up by altering rhythms, adding pitch bends and new tone qualities. 3. Idiosyncrasies of speech patterns – the rhythmic aspects that reflect African retentions include emphasis on syllables that would not receive emphasis when spoken by Anglo- Americans. 4. Examples of undiluted African music performed in public – the group of paraders who participate in the Mardi Gras celebration and appear on side streets after the officially sanctioned paraders pass. 5.
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This note was uploaded on 02/28/2012 for the course MUS 260 taught by Professor Dr.wesparker during the Spring '12 term at N.C. State.

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MUS 260 Study Guide Exam 1 - MUS 260 History of Jazz Study...

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