lecture 7 (7) - effects of drugs such as morphine,...

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Naltrexone Definition Naltrexone is classified as a pure opiate antagonist. It is sold in the United States under the brand names ReVia and Depade, but is also manufactured and sold under its generic name. Purpose Naltrexone is used as part of medically supervised behavior modification programs in order to maintain a patient previously addicted to opiates in an opiate-free state following successful opiate detoxification . Naltrexone is also used in the management of alcohol dependence and abstinence in combination with medically supervised behavior modification programs. Description Opiates are a group of drugs that are either derived from opium (i.e. morphine, hydromorphone, oxymorphone, heroin, codeine, hydrocodone, oxycodone) or chemically resemble these opium derivatives (such as meperidine). They are commonly referred to as narcotics. Some opiates have medically valid uses, while others are recreational drugs of abuse. All are physically addictive. The drug naltrexone is an opiate antagonist. This means that it blocks and reverses the physical
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Unformatted text preview: effects of drugs such as morphine, hydromorphone, oxymorphone, heroin, meperidine, codeine, hydrocodone, oxycodone and other drugs classified as narcotics. When given to patients who have been successfully treated for opiate addiction , it not only decreases craving for these types of drugs, it also prevents patients who use opiates while taking naltrexone from experiencing the euphoria associated with their use. In these two ways, naltrexone helps prevent re-addiction to opiates. Chemically, naltrexone is not an alcohol antagonist. However, when it is used in combination with behavior modification in the recovering alcoholic, naltrexone decreases the craving for alcohol. This helps to prevent a return to alcohol use, or it decreases the severity of relapse by reducing the amount of alcohol consumed during the relapse or decreasing the length of the relapse. Naltrexone Naltrexone is available in 50-mg oral tablets....
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This note was uploaded on 02/28/2012 for the course PSY PSY2012 taught by Professor Scheff during the Fall '09 term at Broward College.

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lecture 7 (7) - effects of drugs such as morphine,...

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