lecture 9 (11) - Nicotine and related disorders Nicotine...

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Nicotine and related disorders Nicotine dependence In addition to the physical dependence caused by the actions of nicotine on the brain, there is a strong psychological component to the dependency of most users of tobacco products, especially cigarette smokers. Most people who start smoking or using smokeless tobacco products do so because of social factors. These include: the desire to fit in with peers acceptance by family members who use tobacco rebelliousness the association of tobacco products with maturity and sophistication positive response to tobacco advertising Such personal factors as mental illness (depression, anxiety, schizophrenia , or alcoholism); the need to reduce stress and anxiety; or a desire to avoid weight gain also influence people to start smoking. Once smoking has become a habit, whether physical addiction occurs or not, psychological factors play a significant role in continuing to smoke. People who want to stop smoking may be discouraged from doing so because:
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This note was uploaded on 02/28/2012 for the course PSY PSY2012 taught by Professor Scheff during the Fall '09 term at Broward College.

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lecture 9 (11) - Nicotine and related disorders Nicotine...

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