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Running head: LITERATURE REVIEW 1 Literature Review Ariel Girone Research Methods in Psychology Literature Review Capella University April, 2020
LITERATURE REVIEW 2 Literature Review Introduction There is a lot of misinformation that circulates throughout society. One would think that when a person is presented with facts that contrast their misinformed opinions, they would then change their opinion to align with factual information. Unfortunately. this is not always the case. Most individuals will stick to what they know and believe to be true, despite being presented with information that may challenge their stance Pluviano, Watt, and Della Sala (2017). The purpose of this paper is to review literature that was aimed to present individuals who had preconceived notions about a subject with factual information and identify whether or not people’s opinions can be swayed and what way of presenting that information is most effective. It is believed that by using the inoculation individuals misinformed opinions may be able to be swayed and counteracted. Summary Review of Studies Misinformation significantly effects how a person views and acts towards a subject . It is easy to wonder why we can’t just disregard fake news, but it is difficult for individuals to actually do so when presented with the opportunity. Rapp and Sulovich (2018) explain how problematic it is when individuals are exposed to fake news, whether it be accidentally or purposely. They found that even when readers are exposed to inaccurate statements, they are impacted in the choices that they made (Rapp & Sulovich, 2018). This is in spite of them having prior factual knowledge to read the inaccurate statements critically and evaluate the contents for inaccuracy (Rapp & Sulovich, 2018). It is problematic to be exposed to inaccurate information due to the fact that it can cause disruption and confusion within societies. That is why it is

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