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Chapter 2 - Chapter 2 The Field of Communication Know the...

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Chapter 2: The Field of Communication Know the four key periods/themes in the history of the communication field and the key events in each. Symbolic activities, meanings, and ethics. Describe how the classical period contributed to the development of the study of communication. Socrates-->Plato-->Aristotle. Under the new democratic constitution was to bring legal claims against the overthrown tyrannical government, which meant citizens needed to learn to speak effectively and persuasively. Communication plays a vital role in democratic societies: The art of rhetoric was born in the mid 400s BC in the port city of Syracuse on the Island of Sicily, where sicilians overthrew an oppresive political regime and established a democratic society. Socrates, Aristotle, Isocrates, and Plato. Plato was a student of socrates, who founded a school and believed that truth is absolute and can be known only in ideal forms and not concrete reality. He was suspicious of rhetoric - realize d it could be manipulated and perceived. Aristotle was a student of Plato who did not see him eye to eye- he believed that truth could be discerned and truth was related to his belief that rhetoric is central to civic life in a democratic society. Describe how the liberal education period contributed to the development of the study of communication. Emphasized to teach that people must be able to voice their ideas and to listen thoughtfully and critically to the ideas of others. Two organizations- AEJMC which promotes research and teaching. Describe how the broadening of the field period contributed to the development of the study of communication. Promotes communication in a range of cultures and geographic area and adds sensitivity training and human relations to the traditional coverage of group decision making. Reflects the influence of French philosopher, Michel Foucalt, who was deeply concerned with who is and who is not allowed to speak in a society. He illuminated the ways in which culturally enriched rules (unwritten
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