Chapter 5 - mixing and specific heat capacities Land...

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Chapter 5: Global Temperatures VOCAB o Temperature : A measure of sensible heat energy present in the atmosphere and other media; indicates the average kinetic energy (motion) of individual molecules within a substance o Insolation : Incoming solar radiation; the most important influence on temperature variation o Continental effect : A quality of regions that lack temperature-moderating effects of the sea and exhibit a greater range of minimum and maximum temperatures, both daily and annually o Gulf Stream : A strong, northward-moving, warm current off the east coast of North America, which carries its water far into the North Atlantic o Isotherm : An isoline connecting all points of equal temperature o Land-water heating difference: Differences in the degree and way that land and water heat, as a result of contrasts in transmission, evaporation,
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Unformatted text preview: mixing, and specific heat capacities. Land surfaces heat and cool faster than water and have continentality, whereas water provides a marine influence o Marine effect: A quality of regions that are dominated by the moderating effect of the ocean and that exhibit a smaller range of minimum and maximum temperature than continental stations o Thermal equator: The isoline on an isothermal map that connects all points of highest mean temperature • We feel effect of temp. as sensible heat transfer from warmer objects to cooler objects • Temperature Scales o Absolute zero/0 degrees absolute temperature: the temperature at which atomic and molecular motion in matter completely stops o Celcius -o Farenheit o Kelvin...
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  • Fall '08
  • Medley
  • global temperatures, average kinetic energy, highest mean temperature, sensible heat energy, degrees absolute temperature

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