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Colonial Legacies of Mexico and India

Colonial Legacies of Mexico and India - Colonial Legacies...

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Colonial Legacies of Mexico and India - India has had some positives and negatives from their colonialization. Positives - They were left with a modern state with a modern bureaucracy and civil service because many of their best and brightest were taken to England and educated in their universities. They went back to India and formed the civil service and beauracracy. They also learned democratic institutions. When they were in England, they appreciated the way the British ran their political systems and they brought that back to India. Another positive is the knowledge of the English language because that is the dominant language in international commerce. Although the British didn't initially build the railroads and other infrastructure for the Indians, they left them there so the Indians were in a better place in terms of infrastructure than other developing countries when the British left. Negatives - The British institutionalized the rigid Indian Caste system. It was said in the video that before the British, the caste system was there but the British made it an institution. Now there is violence, discrimination, etc because of the Insitutionalized caste system. Another negative is the violence that happened after the decolonization. The British left and the Hindu majority and Muslim minority fought, the 1947 partition gave the Muslims a country in Pakistan, 14 million displaced, 1 million killed. The Indians also had to start their economy almost from scratch because the British were always looking out for their economy, not the economy of the Indians. - Mexican Colonialization - Different from British colonialization of India, the Spanish sent over leaders from Spain to rule Mexico instead of education Mexicans over there and sending them back to run their own country. - Instead of going into a stable political system like India after coloniolization, the Mexicans went to a period of instability after their independence - Didn't have any stable political institutions to lean on after decolonization because the Spanish used direct rule while the British used indirect rule - Centralized and top heavy structure of Spanish monarchy = no self-governance in the colonies and the instablity and a war for power following colonialization - Labor holding patterns (criollos, Indigenta and Mestizos) - Affects on development paths - Laid the foundation in Mexico for Corporatism - where the state officials are viewed as being responsible for closely regulating and coordinating various economic and social groups within society. They have state corporatism, which differers from the German corporatism because its a top down approach vs a bottom up approach - Left India in a more stable situation vs. Mexico where they were fighting for power especially with the local bosses - Mexico had a elite group that was able to rule during the Dictatiorship of Porfirio Diaz Mexico's Party Stability - The PRI was the dominant party from 1934 - 2000 - They used patronage networks and pan o palo/cronysism to keep themselves in power.
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