Bio2060Objectives2011

Bio2060Objectives2011 - BIOLOGY2060 A&P II COURSE...

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B IOLOGY 2060 II C OURSE O BJECTIVES CHAPTER 17, BLOOD Overview: Blood Composition and Functions Components 1. Explain why blood is considered to be a connective tissue. 2. Define the following terms: formed elements, plasma, erythrocytes, leukocytes, platelets, hematocrit, and buffy coat. Physical Characteristics and Volume 3. Describe the physical characteristics of blood. Include the following in your discussion: color, viscosity, pH, volume (male and female) and temperature. Functions 4. Describe 3 distributive, 3 regulatory and 2 protective functions of blood. Blood Plasma 5. Describe the appearance of plasma. 6. Identify the main constituents of plasma, including the solvent and important solutes. 7. Identify the 3 main types of plasma proteins and describe their primary functions. Formed Elements 8. Name the 3 main classes of formed elements. Erythrocytes 9. Identify the percentage of whole blood occupied by erythrocytes and the average number found in 1 L of blood. 10. Identify the function of erythrocytes. 11. Describe the shape of an erythrocyte. Identify the advantages of this shape. 12. Describe the interior of a red blood cell in terms of its nuclear and organellar content. Explain the functional advantage of this situation. 13. Describe the structure of hemoglobin. Describe the role of hemoglobin in oxygen transport. Include the following terms in your discussion: oxyhemoglobin, deoxyhemoglobin, and reduced hemoglobin. 14. Describe the role of hemoglobin in carbon dioxide transport. Include the term carbaminohemoglobin in your discussion. 15. Define hematopoiesis (hemopoiesis). Identify the adult bones where it occurs. 16. Define erythropoiesis. Explain the role erythropoietin (EPO) plays in erythropoiesis. Identify EPO’s site of formation, triggers of formation, site of action, and function. 17. Identify the major organ where erythrocyte destruction takes place. Identify the primary cell involved in the destruction. Describe what happens to the components of a destroyed erythrocyte. Discuss what happens to the globin, heme bilirubin, and iron. Leukocytes 18. Identify the percentage of whole blood occupied by leukocytes and the average number found in 1 L of blood. 19. Identify the basic functions and properties of leukocytes. 20. Classify leukocytes as granulocytes and agranulocytes. 21. List the leukocytes in the normal order of abundance (i.e., % of circulating WBCs). 22. Describe the structure and function of the different leukocytes. 23. Define leukopoiesis. Platelets 24. Describe the structural appearance and basic function of platelets. 25. Identify how many platelets are found in 1 L of blood.
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B IOLOGY 2060 II C OURSE O BJECTIVES Hemostasis 26. Define hemostasis and identify its 3 stages. Vascular Spasm
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Bio2060Objectives2011 - BIOLOGY2060 A&P II COURSE...

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