Chapter2ChemistryComesAlive-Synder - Chapter 2 - Chemistry...

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Chapter 2 - Chemistry Comes Alive Objectives PART 1: BASIC CHEMISTRY Definition of Concepts: Matter and Energy 1. Define matter and energy. Differentiate between potential energy and kinetic energy. 2. Describe the major forms of energy. Composition of Matter: Atoms and Elements 3. Define element. What four elements are responsible for the bulk of body matter? 4. Define atom. List the subatomic particles, their charges, relative sizes, and location in the atom. 5. Identify atomic number, atomic mass, atomic weight, isotope, and radioisotope. How Matter Is Combined: Molecules and Mixtures 6. Define molecule. Differentiate between a molecule of an element and a molecule of a compound. Distinguish between a compound and a mixture. 7. Compare solutions, colloids, and suspensions. Chemical Bonds 8. Define a chemical bond. Explain the role of electrons in chemical bonding and their importance in the octet rule. 9. Differentiate between ionic bonds, covalent bonds, and hydrogen bonds. Differentiate between a polar and a nonpolar molecule. Chemical Reactions 10. Explain what happens in a chemical reaction and discuss the four patterns of chemical reactions. 11. Define exergonic and endergonic reactions. 12. Discuss the factors that influence the rate of chemical reactions. PART 2: BIOCHEMISTRY Inorganic Compounds 13. Discuss the importance of water and its special properties. 14. Describe salts. 15. Define acid, base, neutralization, and buffers. Explain the concept of pH. Organic Compounds 16. Describe the building blocks, general structures, and functions of carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins. 17. Describe the four levels of protein structure. 18. Identify the role and function of enzymes. 19. Describe the function of molecular chaperones. 20. Describe, compare, and contrast DNA and RNA. 21. Explain the role of ATP in the body.
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Lecture Outline PART 1: BASIC CHEMISTRY I. Definition of Concepts: Matter and Energy (pp. 25–27) A. Matter is anything that occupies space and has mass (p. 25). 1. Mass is equal to the amount of matter in the object. 2. Mass remains constant regardless of gravity. B. States of Matter (p. 25) 1. Matter exists in one of three states: solid, liquid, or gas. C. Energy (pp. 25 27) 1. Energy is the capacity to do work, and it exists in two forms. a. Kinetic energy is the energy of motion. b. Potential energy is stored energy. 2. Forms of Energy a. Chemical energy is energy stored in chemical bonds. b. Electrical energy results from the movement of charged particles. c. Mechanical energy is energy directly involved with moving matter. d. Radiant energy is energy that travels in waves. 3. Energy is easily converted from one form to another. II. Composition of Matter: Atoms and Elements (pp. 27–30)
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This note was uploaded on 02/28/2012 for the course BIO 2010 taught by Professor Thomas during the Spring '11 term at University of Central Florida.

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Chapter2ChemistryComesAlive-Synder - Chapter 2 - Chemistry...

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