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illegal organ revision

illegal organ revision - Kyra Stone David Scott Why Organ...

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Kyra Stone David Scott October 25, 2011 Why Organ Trafficking Should Not be Legal Every year about 63,000 kidneys are transplanted; five to ten percent of those kidneys are acquired from Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe and South America. Although thousands of people die each year waiting for organ transplants (due to lack of organs), an even more significant amount of organs used in transplants are illegally imported and in many cases are unethically acquired. I will first discuss the previous and possible corruption, how the poor health conditions of the donors effects those receiving the organs, and how we might be able to prevent such issues and corruption. Although the illegal acquisition of such organs may save many lives, I feel that organ trafficking should not be legal due to the fact that in the long run the morality of the issue will ultimately change for the worse. Organ trafficking first became popular in developing countries such as India in the 1980s but has also reached many European countries and even the United States. Currently, people in other countries – most popularly China – are being executed for the use and sale of their organs for other patients around the world; even during the 1990s the Chinese were accused of selling the organs of executed prisoners (Meyer). In order to help deplete the illegal trafficking of organs, the World Health Organization, the Transplantation Society and the World Medical Association were created. However, some are in disagreeance and argue that this will either drive the corruption further or ultimately drive it somewhere else.
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There are about 85,000 people every year who are put on the United States’ list to receive an organ transplant; however, the majority of the recipients are not even healthy enough to receive the organ. In order to illustrate such loss, in the year 2009 around 2,700 organs were discarded (Chapman and Satel). This ultimately decreases the desire of the family members donation (as they can simply put a stranger’s life at risk rather than a loved one’s) and the deceased donors simply disappear as there would be no government drive for deceased donation leaving many of those who need lung, heart, and liver transplants to die. Although this may just seem like a hypothesis with no actual facts to support it, this is the actual situation in Iran currently where organ trafficking and sale is legal (Chapman and Satel). According to a study done by author Debra Statz, the top five organ trafficking nations in the world are the Philippines, China, Pakistan, Egypt, and Colombia. Just recently in 2002 a new kidney transplant policy, the ‘National Policy on Kidney Transplantation from Living Non- Related Donors (LNRDs)’ from living donors was enforced in the Philippines. This law recommended that living donors partake in counseling along with medical evaluations but
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illegal organ revision - Kyra Stone David Scott Why Organ...

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