Population Population of Russia was at an all-time high in 1991 with about 148.5 million just before the breakup of the Soviet Union. However, the population has been at a fairly slow decline since at about -.5% annually but is once again rising at about 15 percent. Births have increased from 12.1 percent to 12.4 and deaths have decreased from 14.6 percent to 14.4 – accounting for the minor gain in population. Currently, the population is about 143 million people (reported as of January 1, 2012). However, the figures may rise after polling is completed in remote areas as well as with Russians who are living abroad. Furthermore, about 11 percent of the population declined to participate in the census. There was a decade long decline due to rising death rates along with falling birth rates – 2009 had a population growth of 23,300 for the first time in fifteen years. In 2011, the population of Russia grew by 160,000 totaling more than 143 million. When taking migration into account, Russia’s population increased by 189,000 in 2011 and has
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