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Unformatted text preview: 4, 5, 7 9 11 15 16 CH 4 Collectivism Cultures Cultures that discourage individual assertiveness and stress group harmony. Communication Apprehension Fear and avoidance of communication with other people Communibiology The study of the biological bases of human communication. Cultural Factors - Environmental Reinforces Factors within our environment that contribute to our fear of speaking Generalized Anxiety Feelings of anxiety associated with communication in nearly all situations with almost all people Genetic Contributors Combinations of inherited tendencies that may exert influences our behavioral preferences Individualistic Cultures Societies that stress individuals assertiveness over group harmony Kinesics The study of body movement Learned Helplessness A person feels unable to predict whether a behavior will result in a reward or punishment Negative self-talk Destructive self- criticism Positive self-talk - Constructive self- criticism Proactive imagination process of visualizing yourself giving a successful speech Self-talk Communication with oneself that influence our perceptions of reality. Ch 5 Categorical imperative Ethical principle that we should treat one another like wed like to be treated Cultural relativism The notion that the criteria for ethical behavior in one culture should not necessarily be applied to other cultures Ethical relativism A philosophy based on the belief that there are no universal ethical principles. Ethics A system of principles of right and wrong that govern human conduct Goodwill The perception by the audience that a speaker cares about their needs and concerns Good Reasons Statements based on moral principles offered in support of propositions concerning what we should believe or how we should act Plagiarism Using the ideas of others and presenting them as your own. Situational Ethics The philosophy that there are overriding ethical maxims, but that sometimes it is necessary tis set them aside in particular situations to fulfill a higher principle Trustworthiness The perception by the audience that they can rely on the speakers word Universalism Philosophy that there are ethical standards that apply to all...
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This note was uploaded on 02/28/2012 for the course SPC 1608 taught by Professor Workman during the Fall '10 term at University of Central Florida.
- Fall '10