105 F11 lecture 12 cmpd

105 F11 lecture 12 cmpd - Chemistry 105 Acids and bases...

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Chemistry 105
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Acids and bases Acid – from acidus – sour Substances which increase H+ in water “Proton” donors HCl (aq) H+ ( aq ) + Cl- ( aq ) Base – low in place Substances which react with H+ in water Proton acceptors NH3(aq) + H+ ( aq ) NH4+ ( aq ) Both can be corrosive Importance?
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*Strong verses weak Strong acids HCl HBr HI HClO3 HClO4 HNO3 H2SO4 S t r o n g b a s e s G r
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Weak or strong electrolyte? Is it Ionic? If so, fit solubility rules? Is it a strong acid or strong base? A. Strong electrolyte B. Weak eletrolyte C. Non electroltye D. Turtles E. Old Tire S a l t - N a C l G l a s s
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Neutralization patterns What happens when acids and bases are mixed? HCl (aq) + NaOH (aq)  Look for net ionic reaction: H+ + OH-  H2O HNO3 (aq) + Ca(OH)2 (aq)  HC2H3O2 (aq) + KOH (aq)  Bases other than OH-: HCl (aq) + Na2S (aq)  HCl (aq) + chalk (s) 
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Oxidation / Reduction Oxidation
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This note was uploaded on 02/28/2012 for the course CHEM 105 taught by Professor Macedone during the Fall '07 term at BYU.

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105 F11 lecture 12 cmpd - Chemistry 105 Acids and bases...

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