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105 F11 Lecture 22 cmpd

105 F11 Lecture 22 cmpd - Chemistry 105 Carbon Carbon is...

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Chemistry 105
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Carbon Carbon is critical in organic chemistry. Carbon bonds w/ other carbon atoms in long chains. Powdered carbon is BLACK.
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Carbon Carbon is critical in organic chemistry. Carbon bonds w/ other carbon atoms in long chains. Powdered carbon is BLACK. Tetravalent – it will form four bonds Electronegativity Readily bonds with other atoms, and itself .
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The “backbone” of “O-Chem” PREFIX MEANING meth- 1 carbon eth- 2 carbons prop- 3 carbons but- 4 carbons pent- 5 carbons hex- 6 carbons hept- 7 carbons oct- 8 carbons non - 9 carbons dec- 10 carbons SUFFIX MEANING -ane single bonds -ene double bonds -yne triple bonds
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Meth- -ane CH4
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ethane C2H6 CH3CH3
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propane C3H8 CH3CH2CH3
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butane C4H10 CH3CH2CH2CH3
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What is this? CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH3
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Naming branched compounds Base ID the longest chain. Prefixes Name the branches Add “yl” meaning “attached” Use “di,” “tri”, etc.
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