This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: Early Experience and Abnormal Development 17:55- Harry Harlow – UW comparative psychologist, Cloth Surrogate Study Rhesus monkeys taken away from mother at birth, given a furry, insentient surrogate mother Infant bonded with the furry surrogate rather than the mesh one (even when the mesh wire had a milk bottle); shows that touch and warmth are most important (“contact comfort”) Even in a scary situation, the baby monkey ran to the furry doll- Social Propensity Theory of Attachment (John Bowlby) young infants and animals are born “biologically predisposed” to form a relationship with some kind of caregiver Konrad Lorenz – “imprinting” - study on birds, showed that the first object they see is what they think “mom” is they even followed one guy in his glider previously thought that merely providing food to an infant would establish a bond – but it fucking isn't like that Once a bond is formed, there is a negative response to separation from the 'attachment object' Protest – agitation, crying, whoo call or isolation/distress call, heart rate increased, blood pressure increased, cortisol increased, brain chemistry Depression – conservation withdrawal, lower body temperature, low brain norepinephrine levels, immune system responses suppressed Detachment – a bond is no loner wanted Neurons typically communicate from low brain areas to higher brain areas Brain Monoamines Serotonin (5HT) – decrease associated with depression Dopamine (DA) – altered functioning (abnormal motivation and reward systems), associated with motivated behavior, addictive behavior Norepinephrine (NE) – decreases associated with depression “biological expectation of a social environment” when pre-programmed responses are not expressed or are expressed inappropriately, they may become diverted and abnormal when a baby monkey was deprived of a mother for the first week after birth, the baby wouldn't accept a surrogate mother Hans Spitz – Hospitalization syndrome, Deprivation syndrome, “failure to thrive” Anna Freud – Detachment in orphans from WWII, seemed unable to establish a with people Romanian Institutions banned birth control; Ceaucescu 1989, 2% of children were unwanted and orphaned (100,000) Relevance to psychopathology 1 – Orality (sucking fingers and toes) & self-clasping → self-aggression (self-biting) 2 – Rocking → stereotypic behavior 3 – Emotionality – social withdrawal, aggressiveness, lack of empathy 4 – Incompetent sex behavior – especially in the males 5 – Abnormal maternal behavior – motherless mothers model of child abuse nursery reared mom births daughters that were mother-reared but abused (sometimes unresponsive to her babies), and those daughters use that same parenting style on their daughters Treatment/Recovery “together-together” therapy – peer reared monkeys, better than nothing, but not perfect (never reject each other to “playroom” therapy – monkeys play together, but are separated, learn to interact appropriately...
View Full Document
This note was uploaded on 02/29/2012 for the course PSYCH 450 taught by Professor Coe during the Spring '10 term at University of Wisconsin.
- Spring '10