ilsexam2 - Kelly Engbring Worked with: Chris Lawrence ILS...

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Kelly Engbring ILS 209/Discussion 310 Worked with: Chris Lawrence Jillian Jacklin 1. a. i. In Guatemala, there was great conflict between the natives and the government that led to natives’ suffering. In the 20 th century, the natives started a resistance movement to end these hardships, and Rigoberta Menchu was a strong advocate of this movement. She is quoted, “We hated all those people. We weren’t only angry with the landowners, but with all the ladinos. To us, all the ladinos in that region were evil” (pg 113). The native Indians labeled themselves as the “we” and labeled the ladinos (Guatemalans of Spanish descent) as the “they”. This “we” vs. “them” theme has been reoccurring throughout the course of the class. Later in the book, Rigoberta Menchu expands her idea of the specific “we” vs. “they” groups in Guatemala. She realizes that not only were the people in her village being oppressed, but also the lower class of the ladinos that were being oppressed. Now, the “we” referred to all oppressed people in Guatemala, and the “they” referred to mainly the government. ii. The Quiche Indians did not have many means to defend themselves and avoid conflict. They depended on sticking together and protecting everyone in their villages at all times. Also, they used basic defense mechanisms, including traps, ambushes, signals, and machetes. Throughout the conflict with the ladinos and the government, heavily armed and trained soldiers were their enemy and fought against them. Luckily, the Indians were able to travel to different places to gain allies and support, eventually implementing the Peasant Unity Committee which kick started the resistance into full force.
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iii. The natives chose their strategies to stop oppression both because they worked and because they were ethically correct. The natives had strong Christian values, and therefore did have a vow not to kill, however they did need to defend themselves against the injustice that the ladinos were throwing against them. Because of these morals, they justified their actions to be ethically correct. Also, their methods against oppression were effective. Although they did not have formal military training or weapons, they did organize guerrilla warfare tactics that the ladinos did not expect. The ladinos underestimated the natives, and therefore their tactics to fight oppression were both ethically correct and were effective. b. i. In India, there was a conflict between two groups of people, the Muslims and the Pathans. From the perspective of Eknath Easwaran, the two groups showed a clear divide illustrating the “we” vs. “them” theme. Easwaran is in the Pathans group, and considers this the “we” group that was being oppressed. “I promise to forgive those who oppress me or treat me with cruelty” (Easwaran, 111). The “they” group, then, are the Muslims, who were trying to conform the Pathan culture to that of their own. This “they” group,
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This note was uploaded on 02/29/2012 for the course ILS 201 taught by Professor Hsia during the Fall '07 term at Wisconsin.

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ilsexam2 - Kelly Engbring Worked with: Chris Lawrence ILS...

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