kinesnotes - Chapter 8 - the study of motor behavior...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 8 - the study of motor behavior focuses on how skills are learned and controlled - “correct practice makes perfect” - specificity of practice: special practice drills to improve performance, but only in practice conditions that are similar to actual game performance will be beneficial - motor behavior is within the study of physical activity, along with psychology of sport and exercise - motor behavior studies people of all skill levels whereas sport psychology studies elite athletes - pedagogical areas of physical education – use motor behavior info to plan classes - motor behavior research can be conducted in a university lab, clinical setting, or industrial/military setting - military/industrial: night vision glasses influence pilots’ control/optimal training methods - medical: nervous system changes, teaching rehab protocols, performance improvement - university: research in learning, control, development, teaching, service - subdisciplines of motor behavior: motor learning (acquisition of skilled movements as a result of practice), motor control (understand the neural, physical, and behavioral aspects of movement) motor development (evaluation across the life span) - motor learning: understanding influence of feedback, practice, and individual differences - motor control: understand how to coordinate muscles and joints during movement, how to control sequence of movements, and how to adjust movements - goals of motor behavior : to understand how motor skills are learned, to understand how motor skills are controlled, to understand how the learning and control of motor skills change across the life span - history of motor behavior - motor skills were a tool to examine cognition - knowledge of results, distribution of practice, transfer of training, retention, individual differences - research in the 1800s: “springlike” qualities of muscle, neural control - motor behavior evolved as a subdiscipline of kinesiology in 1970s - memory drum theory: reaction time was slower than for complex movements because those movements took more planning time - current research focuses on understanding how the neuromuscular system controls and repeats movement (potentially develop treatments for disease, improve performance) - motor development originated in developmental psychology and child development - 1940s and 1950s, developmental research focused on how children acquire skills - influence of growth and maturation on motor performance - developmental patterns of fundamental movements - research methods in motor behavior - electromyography - between-group design: compares two or more groups that were exposed to different treatments but tests them using the same task - research design: compares two groups (randomly formed) on the same task - within-group design: all participants are tested in the same task - descriptive research: investigator measures or observes participants performing a task (no treatment) - novel learning tasks: created for use in experiments to eliminate the advantage that some participants might have
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 02/29/2012 for the course KINES 119 taught by Professor Diffee during the Spring '10 term at University of Wisconsin.

Page1 / 6

kinesnotes - Chapter 8 - the study of motor behavior...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online