Introduction to Developmental Psychology

Introduction to Developmental Psychology - Introduction to...

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Introduction to Developmental Psychology Introduction to Developmental Psychology 1. Please familiarize yourself with the theories and developmental stages of the following persons as discussed in your textbook, along with relevant criticisms: 1. Jean Piaget (4 stages of Cognitive Development) 1. sensorimotor (birth-2 yrs) - differentiates self from objects - recognizes self as agent of action and begins to act intentionally - achieves object permanence; realizes that things continue to exist even when no longer present to senses 2. preoperational (2-7 yrs) - learns to use language and to represent objects by images and words - thinking is still egocentric; has difficult taking the viewpoint of others - classifies objects by a single feature 3. concrete operational (7-12 yrs) - can think logically about objects and events - achieves conservation of number (age 7), mass (age 7), and weight (age 9) - classifies objects by several features and can order them in a series along a single dimension 4. formal operational (12 yrs old and up) - can think logically about abstract propositions and test hypotheses systematically - becomes concerned with the hypothetical, the future, and ideological problems 2. Lawrence Kohlberg (3 levels of Moral Development) 1. preconventional - earliest level of moral development, in which self-interest determines what is moral 2. conventional - middle stage of moral development, in which rules and the approval of other determines what is moral 3. postconventional - highest stage of moral development, in which decisions about mortality depend on abstract principles Eric Erickson (8 stages of Psychosocial Development): overlap with developmental periods stage age identity challenge successful resolution of challenge infancy 0-2 trust vs. mistrust children learn that the world is safe and that ppl are loving and reliable toddler 2-3 autonomy vs. shame and doubt encouraged to explore environment, children gain feelings of independence and positive self -esteem preschool 4-6 initiative vs. guilt children develop sense of purpose by taking on responsibilities; develop
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capacity to feel guilty childhood 7-12 industry vs. inferiority by working successfully with others, children learn to feel competent adolescence 13-19 ego identity vs. role confusion by exploring different social roles adolescents develop a sense of identity young adulthood 20s intimacy vs. isolation young adults gain the ability to commit to long-term relationships middle adulthood 30s – 50s generativity vs. stagnation adults gain a sense that they are contributing to the future and caring for future generations old age 60s + integrity vs. despair older adults feel a sense of satisfaction that they have lived a good life and developed wisdom 1. Developmental Psychology Defined:
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This note was uploaded on 02/29/2012 for the course PSYCH 202 taught by Professor Roberts during the Fall '06 term at University of Wisconsin Colleges Online.

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Introduction to Developmental Psychology - Introduction to...

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