Introduction to Emotional Processes

Introduction to Emotional Processes - Introduction to...

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Introduction to Emotional Processes What IS Emotion? - reactions - have cognitive components to them % Emotions are complex reactions that engage our bodies and minds at multiple levels % Reactions include: % 1) subjective mental states – defy objective construction % feelings and cognitive appraisals/judgements of anger, happiness, despair, love, etc; % 2) impulses to act and corresponding behavior % To attack, flee, embrace, etc; % 3) profound bodily changes % ANS Sympathetic activity; % PNS skeleto-muscular responses--especially facial; % CNS activation of multiple NT pathways. % The CNS NT pathways include neural projections to: % sensory/perceptual areas of the limbic system % multiple cortical regions of emotional-perceptual processing % areas of brainstem regulating heart rate, blood pressure, respiration, arousal and activation % areas of cerebellum regulating automatic motor responses from sensory projections from limbic system % Some bodily changes prepare for and sustain coping activities (e.g., aggression, sexual display) % Other bodily changes serve communication function (posture, gesture, facial expressions) about what we are feeling or want others to believe we are feeling % - try to make ppl think we are feelings things that we aren’t A Psychological Model of Emotion: - motor component to feeling an emotion - role of face in emotional experience - thoughts – who you are had to do with thoughts, mood, actions - influences physiology Are there “universal”, i.e., cross-culturally evident, emotions? % Evidence is strong that the above 6 emotions ( happiness, sadness, anger, disgust, fear, surprise ) are recognized as “universal”, as existing across cultures and relatively independently of cultural contexts of expression Some of the Evidence:
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% Actors posed in photos to express emotions. Photos shown to members of literate (Swedes, Japanese, Kenyans) and pre-literate (isolated New Guinea tribe) cultures, persons asked to identify the emotions being portrayed - Paul Ekman performed this experiment - results: judgments of portrayed emotions were essentially similar across cultures % New Guinea tribesmen asked to portray emotions appropriate to various simple situations ( try it! ): % Your friend has come and you are happy % Your child has died
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This note was uploaded on 02/29/2012 for the course PSYCH 202 taught by Professor Roberts during the Fall '06 term at University of Wisconsin.

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Introduction to Emotional Processes - Introduction to...

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