psych midterm 1 - Odds and Ends Modern Minds in Stone Age...

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Odds and Ends: Modern Minds in Stone Age Skulls: Does this explain the obesity and diabetes epidemic? - we are evolved to like sweets and fats and therefore in this day we eat more of these foods which we don’t need to survive but rather because we enjoy them. Our ancestors needed sweets and fats to survive and our palettes have adjusted to like these foods. Dopamine, ICSS, and Pleasure - dopamine: involved in pleasure - limbic system - nucleus accumbens carries a lot of dopamine - icss (intra-cranial self-stimulation studies) - we are programmed to want pleasure and will do anything to get it Enjoying your meal? Thank your nucleus accumbens and you dopamine circuitry - good tasting food stimulates dopamine and makes you happy Discussion: Pollan’s In Defense of Food - conditioned, idea of nutritionism - “eat food. not too much. mostly plants.” “What we will eat has little to do with logic and everything to do with what we believe is food.” page 392 GHH - food in psychology is a primary reinforcer Introduction to Personality, Psychopathology, Stress and Health, and Stress- Management Personality is about “Individual Differences” - explain the way we think and feel; unique to each person - personality “tests” - standardization - reliability: the extent to which a measure is stable and consistent over time in similar conditions - validity: the extent to which the data collected address the research hypothesis in the way intended The LOT-R: The Attributional Style Questionnaire: Defensive Pessimism - strategy used by anxious people to help them manage their anxiety so they can work productively. Defensive pessimists lower their expectation to help prepare themselves for the worst. Strategic Optimism -typically used by people who aren’t anxious - use this strategy to set high expectations, and then actively avoid thinking much about what might happen
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UCLA-Loneliness: - people may seem connected to others but are actually lonely What does personality have to do with happiness? - can’t escape genetical dispositions, can work with them - happy people tend to be extroverted, secure, open, less neurotic, optimistic, agreeable, adaptable, less stressed - MBSR (mindfulness based stressed reduction program) - people go through program to make them happier - modulate unpleasant characteristics, copy pleasant characteristics - “essential attitudes”: acceptance, trust, patience, non-judgment, letting go Etymology of Personality: - persona as a surface mask: surface what we project to the world - personality penetrates from the surface to our cores, from our behavior to what organizes and drives our behavior - Freud’s original model of personality - conscious, preconscious, subconscious - id, ego, superego - psychosexual development - defense mechanisms - model of personality (detailed) - conscious mind : where we are paying attention at the moment; includes current thinking processes and current awareness - preconscious mind
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psych midterm 1 - Odds and Ends Modern Minds in Stone Age...

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