lecture 8a ec3332 [Compatibility Mode][1]

lecture 8a ec3332 [Compatibility Mode][1] - money supply 3....

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1 Lecture 8a Tools of Monetary Policy Open Market Operations 2Types 1.Dynamic: Meant to change MB 2.Defensive: Meant to offset other factors affecting MB, typically uses repos Advantages of Open Market Operations 1.Fed has complete control 2.Flexible and precise 3.Easily reversed 4.Implemented Quickly
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2 Discount Loans 3 Types 1.Adjustment Credit 2.Seasonal Credit 3.Extended Credit Discount Loans Lender of Last Resort Function 1 To prevent banking panics 1. To prevent banking panics FDIC fund not big enough Examples: Continental Illinois and Franklin National 2. To prevent nonbank financial panics Examples 1987 stock market crash Examples: Announcement Effect 1. Problem: False signals
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3 Market Interest Rates and the Discount Rate Proposed Reforms of Discounting Advantages 1. Lender of Last Resort Role Disadvantages 1 Confusion interpreting discount rate changes 1. Confusion interpreting discount rate changes 2. Fluctuations in discount loans cause unintended fluctuations in
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Unformatted text preview: money supply 3. Not fully controlled by Fed Proposed Reforms 1. Abolish discounting (Milton Friedman) A. Eliminates fluctuations in M s B However lose lender of last resort role B. However, lose lender of last resort role 2. Tie discount rate to market rate A. i – i d = constant, so less fluctuations of DL and M s B. Easier administration C. No false announcement signals 4 Reserve Requirements Advantages 1. Powerful effect Disadvantages 1. Small changes have very large effect on Ms 2. Raising causes liquidity problems for banks 3. Frequent changes cause uncertainty for banks 4. Tax on banks Proposed Reforms 1. Abolish reserve requirements 2. 100% reserve requirements (Milton Friedman) A. Advantage: complete control of Ms B. Disadvantage: Fed controls official Ms but not economically relevant Ms...
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lecture 8a ec3332 [Compatibility Mode][1] - money supply 3....

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