Parties Involved in Banking

Parties Involved in Banking - organization that the...

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Parties involvedCardholder: The holder of the card used to make a purchase; the consumer. Card-issuing bank: The financial institution or other organization that issued the credit card to the cardholder. This bank bills the consumer for repayment and bears the risk that the card is used fraudulently. American Express and Discover were previously the only card-issuing banks for their respective brands, but as of 2007, this is no longer the case. Cards issued by banks to cardholders in a different country are known as offshore credit cards. Merchant: The individual or business accepting credit card payments for products or services sold to the cardholder. Acquiring bank: The financial institution accepting payment for the products or services on behalf of the merchant. Independent sales organization: Resellers (to merchants) of the services of the acquiring bank. Merchant account: This could refer to the acquiring bank or the independent sales organization, but in general is the
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Unformatted text preview: organization that the merchant deals with. Credit Card association: An association of card-issuing banks such as Discover, Visa, MasterCard, American Express, etc. that set transaction terms for merchants, card-issuing banks, and acquiring banks. Transaction network: The system that implements the mechanics of the electronic transactions. May be operated by an independent company, and one company may operate multiple networks. Affinity partner: Some institutions lend their names to an issuer to attract customers that have a strong relationship with that institution, and get paid a fee or a percentage of the balance for each card issued using their name. Examples of typical affinity partners are sports teams, universities, charities, professional organizations, and major retailers. The flow of information and money between these parties always through the card associations is known as the interchange, and it consists of a few steps....
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This note was uploaded on 02/29/2012 for the course ECON 4223 taught by Professor Johnp.willen during the Spring '12 term at UCLA.

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