Lect_1_Thinking_Geographically - Thinking Geographically...

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Thinking Geographically about Globalization Global processes, local effects 1. Main questions * What is globalization? What processes does it involve? * What is significant about understanding global processes? * What is thinking geographically? * What does a geographical perspective have to offer? 2. Globalization No single definition but some agreement that it involves: * global economic integration, global capitalism, i.e. organization of elements of the global economy into a single system. We will examine what is meant by global capitalism in the lecture on Sept 27 th . * global economic and political interdependence and interconnectivity, i.e. elements of the system are dependent on each other and involve high levels of interconnection on an increasingly global scale •global culture: idea of global community, common global values, global village. Example, globalization of TV programs. The term ‘global village’ was coined by Marshall McCluhan. In his book The Gutenberg Galaxy (1962) he argued that print culture would be replaced by ‘electronic interdependence’with electronic media replacing visual culture with aural/oral culture. This would bring humankind together in a “collective identity” analogous to a village community. Think about the weaknesses in the notion of a global community. In fact globalization does not involve the full integration of all regions and societies into a global system. This is well-summarized in a chapter entitled “What Globalization is Not” in John Gray’s book, False Dawn; The Delusions of Global Capitalism . I have posted a PDF of these pages under the ‘Readings’.
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Lect_1_Thinking_Geographically - Thinking Geographically...

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