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Unformatted text preview: Exam Review for Geography Lecture 1: Thinking Geographically About Globalization Globalization: - Global economic integration, global capitalism i.e. organization of elements of the global economy into a single system. - Global economic and political interdependence and interconnectivity i.e. elements of the system are dependent on each other and involve high levels of interconnection on an increasingly global scale- Global culture: idea of global community, common global values, global village. Example, globalization of TV programs. Global Village:- Coined by Marshall McCluhan- Argued that print culture would be replaced by electronic interdependence. - Would bring humankind together in a “collective identity” End of Geography: - A situation involving ‘a state of economic development where geographical location no longer matters’- Processes of globalization fundamentally alter the way people, commodities and information flow and interact- Income gap between the poorest and richest countries- Worlds economies and cultures are increasingly interconnected False Dawn:- All economies are networked- North Korea cut economies from rest of world but at great costs: Economic and human Ideologies/Discourses of Globalization Pro Globalization- good for economy, therefore good for people.- Increases trade and integration into global economy- Therefore encourages economic growth which will trickle down even to poorer countries Anti Globalization:- Increases disparities- Increases environmental degradation- Reduces national sovereignty- Benefits only rich countries, financiers and global corporations Alter-Globalization- The idea that globalization can result in positive and negative outcomes depending on how its constructed- This would involve changing rather than dismantling globalization Murray’s 3 reasons for arguing that human geography offers a distinctive framework for studying globalization: 1. Its concern with space, spatial interaction and different scales of activity 2. Human geography ‘peoples’ to discourses of globalization 3. Human geography is an diverse subject • Brings together cultural environmental, economic, sociological, political aspects Space and Place Place:- humanised space- an abstract world made real through human inhabitation, through the investment of emotion and the attribution of meaning. - the distinctiveness of place is about the routes that connect them with other places and other times- the ultimate paradox of place: places are both unique and connected to other places How we conceive space:- Empirical Significance of Place: emphasizing actual existing differences. Every place is not the same – ‘we are where we are’- Normative significance of place: the ‘local’ can stand for ‘good’ things. A celebration of difference and authenticity and resistance to homogeneity....
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This note was uploaded on 02/29/2012 for the course GEOGRAPHY GGRa02 taught by Professor Bunce during the Fall '12 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.
- Fall '12