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Exam Review for Geography - Exam Review for Geography...

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Exam Review for Geography Lecture 1: Thinking Geographically About Globalization Globalization: - Global economic integration, global capitalism i.e. organization of elements of the global economy into a single system. - Global economic and political interdependence and interconnectivity i.e. elements of the system are dependent on each other and involve high levels of interconnection on an increasingly global scale - Global culture: idea of global community, common global values, global village. Example, globalization of TV programs. Global Village: - Coined by Marshall McCluhan - Argued that print culture would be replaced by electronic interdependence. - Would bring humankind together in a “collective identity” End of Geography: - A situation involving ‘a state of economic development where geographical location no longer matters’ - Processes of globalization fundamentally alter the way people, commodities and information flow and interact - Income gap between the poorest and richest countries - Worlds economies and cultures are increasingly interconnected False Dawn: - All economies are networked - North Korea cut economies from rest of world but at great costs: Economic and human Ideologies/Discourses of Globalization Pro Globalization - good for economy, therefore good for people. - Increases trade and integration into global economy - Therefore encourages economic growth which will trickle down even to poorer countries Anti Globalization: - Increases disparities - Increases environmental degradation - Reduces national sovereignty - Benefits only rich countries, financiers and global corporations Alter-Globalization - The idea that globalization can result in positive and negative outcomes depending on how its constructed - This would involve changing rather than dismantling globalization Murray’s 3 reasons for arguing that human geography offers a distinctive framework for studying globalization: 1. Its concern with space, spatial interaction and different scales of activity 2. Human geography ‘peoples’ to discourses of globalization 3. Human geography is an diverse subject Brings together cultural environmental, economic, sociological, political aspects
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Space and Place Place: - humanised space - an abstract world made real through human inhabitation, through the investment of emotion and the attribution of meaning. - the distinctiveness of place is about the routes that connect them with other places and other times - the ultimate paradox of place: places are both unique and connected to other places How we conceive space: - Empirical Significance of Place: emphasizing actual existing differences. Every place is not the same – ‘we are where we are’ - Normative significance of place: the ‘local’ can stand for ‘good’ things. A celebration of difference and authenticity and resistance to homogeneity.
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