Chap 3 & 16 - Dx, Assessment, & Tx

Chap 3 & 16 - Dx, Assessment, & Tx -...

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Diagnosis, Assessment, & Treatment
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Diagnosis Why Classify? Advantages: (1) Provides nomenclature (a naming system) (2) Structure information in a more helpful way (3) Allows us to study the different disorders (4) Delineates disorders which warrant insurance reimbursements
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DSM 4-TR In the US, the accepted standard Clinically significant behavioral or psychological syndrome or pattern Associated with distress or disability Not a predictable and culturally sanctioned response to a particular event Behavioral, Psychological, or Biological dysfunction
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In diagnosing, remember that abnormal behavior does not equal mental illness”
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Multi-Axial system Axis 1 – Clinical Disorders (primary, secondary) Axis 2 – Personality/Developmental Disorders (childhood – MR, BIF) Axis 3 – Medical Conditions Axis 4 – Stressors (mild/moderate/severe) Axis 5 – GAF (highest)
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Additional Elements Categorical system Etiology is presented when available (Bio-Psycho-Social Perspective) Atheoretical Meaning of “harmful” & “dysfunctional”
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Chap 3 & 16 - Dx, Assessment, & Tx -...

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