Ab_Psy_ch3

Ab_Psy_ch3 - Chapter 3 Clinical Assessment, Diagnosis, and...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–14. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 3 Clinical Assessment, Diagnosis, and Research Methods
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Assessing Psychological Disorders Purposes of Clinical Assessment To understand the individual To predict behavior To plan treatment To evaluate treatment outcome
Background image of page 2
Assessing Psychological Disorders (continued) Analogous to a Funnel Starts broad Multidimensional in approach Narrow to specific problem areas
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Key Concepts in Assessment Reliability Consistency is measurement Examples include test-retest and inter-rater reliability Validity What an assessment approach measures and how well it does so Examples include concurrent, discriminant, and predictive validity
Background image of page 4
Key Concepts in Assessment (continued) Standardization and Norms Ensures consistency in the use of a technique Provides population benchmarks for comparison Examples include structured administration, scoring, and evaluation procedures
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Domains of Assessment: The Clinical Interview and Physical Exam Clinical Interview Most common clinical assessment method Structured or semi-structured
Background image of page 6
Domains of Assessment: The Clinical Interview and Physical Exam (continued) Mental Status Exam Appearance and behavior Thought processes Mood and affect Intellectual functioning Sensorium Physical Exam
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Domains of Assessment: Behavioral Assessment and Observation Behavioral Assessment Focus on the present – Here and now Direct observation of behavior-environment relations Purpose is to identify problematic behaviors and situations Identify antecedents, behaviors, and consequences
Background image of page 8
Domains of Assessment: Behavioral Assessment and Observation (continued) Behavioral Observation and Behavioral Assessment Can be either formal or informal Self-monitoring vs. being observed by others Problem of reactivity using direct observation
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Domains of Assessment: Psychological Testing and Projective Tests Psychological Testing Must be reliable and valid Projective Tests – Roots in Psychoanalytic Tradition Project aspects of personality onto ambiguous test stimuli Require high degree of inference in scoring and interpretation
Background image of page 10
Domains of Assessment: Psychological Testing and Projective Tests (continued) Examples The Rorschach Inkblot Test, Thematic Apperception Test Reliability and validity data tend to be mixed
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Domains of Assessment: Psychological Testing and Objective Tests Objective Tests – Roots in Empirical Tradition Test stimuli are less ambiguous Require minimal clinical inference in scoring and interpretation Objective Personality Tests Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI, MMPI-2, MMPI-A) Extensive reliability, validity, and normative database
Background image of page 12
Domains of Assessment: Psychological Testing and Objective Tests (continued) Objective Intelligence Tests Nature of intellectual functioning and IQ The deviation IQ Verbal and performance domains
Background image of page 13

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 14
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 02/29/2012 for the course PS 371 taught by Professor Brody during the Spring '08 term at BU.

Page1 / 53

Ab_Psy_ch3 - Chapter 3 Clinical Assessment, Diagnosis, and...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 14. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online