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MAGNI Packet 09 [REVISED-II-done]

MAGNI Packet 09 [REVISED-II-done] - MAGNI A Collegiate...

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MAGNI, A Collegiate Quizbowl Tournament for Fall 2011 Questions by UCSD (Chris Chiego, Auroni Gupta, Andrew Honda, Vicky Hwang, Rohan Mehta, Peicong Dong), Yale (Matt Jackson, Kevin Koai, John Lawrence), and Jerry Vinokurov Organized and Brought to You by Auroni Gupta, Matt Jackson, and John Lawrence Packet Nine Tossups 1. In bacteria, this process occurs when each one of seven subunits of a dual-ringed protein is bound to a molecule of ATP, causing a conformation change so that the target is trapped in the GroEL-GroES complex. The addition of urea and beta-mercaptoethanol to species in the Anfinsen experiment showed that mistakes in this process are corrected spontaneously. A calculation by Cyrus Levinthal proved that this process doesn’t occur randomly. An intermediate in this process is the molten globule, which forms after the burial of hydrophobic side chains. Assisted by chaperone proteins, this process is simulated @home on computers participating in a Stanford project. For 10 points, prions result from failures in what process that creates tertiary and quaternary structures in proteins? ANSWER: protein folding 2. This man described the monumental, antiquarian, and critical forms of the title discipline in an essay impugning harmful ways to write about the past. That essay, On the Uses and Disadvantages of History for Life , appears in his Untimely Meditations. In one book, he encourages the reader to make “new suns” and suggests that a love of fate, or amor fati , could help one embrace the idea brought on by a demon that you might have to live the same life over and over again. He described “the Last Man” in a work whose title figure spends ten years in the mountains, only to descend and teach of the übermensch . For 10 points, name this author of Thus Spoke Zarathustra , a German who wrote in his aphoristic book The Gay Science that “God is dead” before his mental breakdown. ANSWER: Friedrich [Wilhelm] Nietzsche 3. One ancient variety of these things made from fish intestines was the Roman garum. One of these things, which has been flavored with caramelized sugar and vinegar, is called a gastrique. Gradually adding cold butter to a warm one of these is called mounting. One of these made from garlic, nuts, and peppers is called romesco. One Japanese type of this class of comestibles is flavored with yuzu and called ponzu. One Italian type uses pork cheek, or guanciale, and is called amatriciana. Auguste Escoffier identified five “mother” types of these. Many of them involve a roux [ROO] , and one common way of preparing these is by deglazing a pan after cooking meat in it. Bearnaise [behr-NEZ] exemplifies, for 10 points, what type of culinary entity whose examples include soy and marinara? ANSWER: sauce s [prompt on condiment before “mother”] 4. At one point in one of this composer’s operas, Nicias distracts a crowd threatening to stone a monk by throwing handfuls of gold, and just before that incident the title character pleads in vain to keep a statuette of Eros. He wrote a
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