Food Security Personal Notes (Clapp 2, 5, 6)ClassFood (Clapp, 2016) Control of food is concentrated in few hands—corporate control Industrialized agriculture Inequitable trade rules Financialization of food Movements—alternative food system Food regimes approach- views agriculture & food in relation to the development of capitalism on a global scale, and argues that social change is brought about by struggles among social movements, capital, and states. Food sovereignty definition- the right of local peoples to control their own food systems including markets, ecological resources, food cultures, and production methods. Food sovereignty principles Focus: food for peopleValue farmers Local food systems Local control Build local knowledge and skills (no GMOs) Work with nature-Who is the sovereign in food sovereignty? -How does food sovereignty address agrarian transition to modern food sytems? -What are the roles of food workers and consumers? -How to deal with that young rural people who don’t want to become small-scale farmers? -What difference does food sovereignty make within a broader political-economic transformations? Food Justice framework- ensures that the benefits and risks of how food is grown and processed, transported, distributed, and consumed are shared equitably.
Transition pathways- Traditional farming (conventional agriculture, sustainable intensification, and agro-ecological systems)Transforming the food system: Agro-ecology Recycling and reducing inputs Soil health and animal health and welfare Biodiversity and synergy Economic diversification Co-creation of knowledgeSocial values and diets Fairness and connectivity Land and natural resource governance ParticipationHow to achieve food system transformation: Barriers Governance Economic factors Resource factors Social and cultural factors Knowledge factors SDG 2 End hunger, achieve food security, improved nutrition & promote sustainable agricultureBy 2030 end hunger and ensure access to food
By 2030 end all forms of malnutritionBy 2030 double the agricultural productivity and income of small farmers particular women