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Unformatted text preview: Phylum Ginkophyta Ginkgo Biloba Only surviving species in phylum Deciduous, dioecious tree Female ginkgo produces fleshy seeds directly on branches. Flowering Plants Angiosperms Vascular plants that produce flowers and seeds enclosed within a fruit Most diverse and successful plant group Reproduction Flowering plants reproduce sexually by forming flowers After double fertilization, seeds form within fruits Wind, water, insects, animals transfer pollen grains. Vascular Structures Efficient water-conducting vessel elements in xylem Efficient carbohydrate-conductive sieve tube elements in phloem Evolution Flowering plants probably descended from gymnosperms with specialized features Leaves with broad, expanded blades. Closed carpels. Flowering plants likely arose only once....
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