Chapter 26

Chapter 26 - Chapter 26 (Kingdom Fungi) Fungi Eukaryotic...

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Chapter 26 (Kingdom Fungi) Fungi Eukaryotic heterotrophs Secrete digestive enzymes onto food Then absorb predigested food. Cell walls with chitin Fungi Structures Fungi include Unicellular yeast Filamentous, multicellular mold Most multicellular fungi Have long, threadlike filaments (hyphae) Branch and form a tangled mass (mycelium) Hyphae In most fungi Perforated septa (cross walls) divide hyphae into individual cells In some fungi Hyphae are coenocytic (form elongated mutinuclear cell) Reproduction Most fungi reproduce sexually and asexually by spores Spores Produced on aerial hyphae Land in suitable spot and germinate. Ascomycetes Ascomycetes include Yeasts, cup fungi, morels, truffles, pink, brown and blue-green molds. Some ascomycetes form mycorrhizae Others form lichens Mycorrhizae 1 Mutualistic relationships between fungi and roots of plants. Fungus supplies water and nutrient minerals to plant Plant secretes organic compounds needed by fungus Basidiomycetes
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This note was uploaded on 02/29/2012 for the course BIO 123 taught by Professor Druger during the Spring '08 term at Syracuse.

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Chapter 26 - Chapter 26 (Kingdom Fungi) Fungi Eukaryotic...

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