ANT 400 Syph

ANT 400 Syph - [Syphilis:] [A Dissection, History, and...

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Unformatted text preview: [Syphilis:] [A Dissection, History, and Reprocussion through Case Studies] [Olivia Vilardi-Perez] Throughout time , Treponematosis Pallidum has left many scarred physically and socially . The social repercussions for having syphilis in modern day has left many shunned and embarrassed , yet, in the past, different cultures viewed the disease differently . Looking at the skeletal record, there is much to learn from the rough bones. Through identifying the underlying causes of Syphilis , one can learn how it physically affected its host causing great harm to their sociocultural life . It is rarely taken into consideration the social and economical repercussions of having syphilis when looking at the bones . Before diving into the elaborate hypotheses behind syphilis , one must understand the different strains and identifiable markers of the disease . The term Treponematosis refers to four different diseases: Pinta , Yaws, Endemic Syphilis, and Venereal Syphilis. All these diseases appear identical when comparing them morphologically . However, recent advances in molecular analysis are beginning to unravel the tangled skein of their genetic relationships (Powell and Cook 2005:10) . An interesting notion is that if a person is immune to one of the four strains of treponematosis , he is immune to them all. Pinta , treponema carateum , is the most geographically restricted distribution found in southern Mexico , Central America, and northern South America (Brothwell 1993; Chulay 1990; Demis 1977; Wood 1978; Holcomb 1942; Powell and Cook 2005) . Pinta , meaning spot in Spanish, is transmitted when pathogens from one lesion enter an uninfected host and spreads through the body through the bloodstream and lymphatic 2 system . The initial lesion is found at the site of entry, usually on the lower extremities, between seven days to three weeks since infection . More of these lesions appear on the face , trunk, and limbs and after a few more weeks, turn into scaly plaques and a rash develops resembling a few dermatological conditions . Pinta does not affect deeper tissue, however it is rare that a lymph node becomes swollen . Unlike the other strains of treponema , it doesnt cause much tissue damage, though it is highly visible which can create distress in the affected individual through social or cultural problems . Yaws , treponema pallidum subspecies pertenue , had a high frequency in tropical regions; however , it now resides in isolated areas due to an eradication effort from the World Health Organization (Powell and Cook 2005) . One to five per cent of those with Yaws suffer from skeletal lesions . The initial lesion appears at the site of infection five to eight weeks after inoculation . It develops into a large circular shape that is itchy that ulcerates . It then heals within six months. After a short latent period, secondary symptoms arise and it can come back and cause skeletal issues such as periostitis and patchy osteitis . Painful skin lesions may appear on the hands and feet. ....
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ANT 400 Syph - [Syphilis:] [A Dissection, History, and...

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