ANT131,11 - GenusHomo Homohabilis(2.41.8mya) MaterialCulture

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Genus Homo Homo habilis (2.4-1.8 mya) Material Culture Oldowan Tool Tradition Appears 2.5 MYA Primitive pebble core tools Homo Erectus (2 Mya - ~200 kya) Lower Pleistocene Sharp cooling trend Three Continents Africa, Asia, and Europe Anatomical Changes Cultural Changes. H. Erectus Skull Larger brain Average 900 cc (750-1250cc) Angular Braincase – football shape Projecting nuchal torus Massive browridge (supraorbital sulcus) Sagittal Keeling Reduced Prognathism Projecting nose Massive, chinless jaw. H. Erectus Post Crania and Dentition
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Body Size Over 100 lbs (males) 5’6” on average Modern proportions Accelerated Maturation Sexually Dimorphic Dentition Similar to H. Sapiens Shovel-Shaped incisors. Pleistocene Epoch Lower: 1.8 mya Sharp Cooling trend Expansion of savannah in Africa Middle:  900 kya to 130 kya Period characterized by widespread ice and snow cover – glacial advance
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This note was uploaded on 03/01/2012 for the course ANT 131 taught by Professor Shannonnovak during the Spring '09 term at Syracuse.

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ANT131,11 - GenusHomo Homohabilis(2.41.8mya) MaterialCulture

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