Exam 4 Inductive reasoning

Exam 4 Inductive reasoning - Inductive Reasoning Inductive...

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Inductive Reasoning 1 Inductive Reasoning Specific to General: Conclusion is probable, not guaranteed Reasoning in which a “probably-true” conclusion follows from a consideration of evidence Inductive Reasoning We evaluate the strength of an inductive argument, not its validity Representativeness of observations Number of observations Quality of the evidence Inductive Reasoning Used to make scientific discoveries Hypothesis testing Used in everyday life Heuristics Availability heuristic Representativeness heuristic Anchoring and adjustment heuristic
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2 Availability Heuristic Events more easily remembered are judged as being more probable than those less easily remembered How easily can you think of examples? Availability Heuristic Tversky & Kahneman (1973) Is the letter R more likely to appear in the first position or third position of a word? Results Many people say ___ position, but in actuality, ____ position is correct Easier to think of words that _________ R, thus they are more available We judge a sample to be more probable if it looks similar to the population from which it was selected. Expect results to be representative of the
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Exam 4 Inductive reasoning - Inductive Reasoning Inductive...

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