Week+4+Lecture - Introduction to Personality Traits...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–10. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Introduction to Personality Traits Definition, Measurement, and Scientific Status
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Roadmap
Background image of page 2
The basics “Trait talk” Relative, approximate, and general (imprecise) Why do we even bother with them? Its easy to see how trait talk leads to stereotyping and prejudice But it is nearly impossible to construct a scientifically credible account of human individuality without them The initial outline
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Fundamental elements Traits are internal stable bipolar additive independent broad
Background image of page 4
Where do traits live? 1. Neurophysiological substrates – there are tangible patternings in the CNS that cause people to act consistently (e.g., friendliness) 2. Behavioral dispositions – traits somehow cause people to act consistently 3. Act frequencies – traits are only descriptive ; how we talk about what we see 4. Linguistic categories – traits do not exist in an objective sense—we simply use them to organize our reality
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
History lesson redux Some roots of trait taxonomy: caricatures (e.g., the “penurious man”), theater, and the four humors 1890s - Francis Galton (cousin of Charles Darwin) calls for increased attention to individual differences Language is key
Background image of page 6
Constitutional psychology Can you tell which of these men are most easygoing and affable? Kretschmer (1921) and Sheldon (1940) thought they could. Somatotypes Endomorph (left) Mesomorph (center) Ectomorph (right)
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Gordon Allport Born in Indiana, grew up under a “Protestant work ethic” Harvard was a culture shock Taught the first course on personality Personality: It's Psychological and Social Aspects Founded Harvard’s Department of Social Relations Lifelong concern with prejudice
Background image of page 8
Well, you have to start somewhere Allport and Odbert (1936) 18,000 words in the unabridged English dictionary that seemed to
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 10
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 03/01/2012 for the course PPE 3003 taught by Professor Kenswan during the Spring '12 term at University of Florida.

Page1 / 27

Week+4+Lecture - Introduction to Personality Traits...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 10. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online