Week+5+Lecture - The Big 5 Development Evidence Utility and...

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The Big 5 Development, Evidence, Utility, and Neurological Correlates
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Stereotype threat interest A large body of research has documented the performance-debilitating effects of stereotype threat for individuals, but there is a paucity of research exploring interpersonal consequences of stereotype threat. Two experiments tested the hypothesis that stereotype threat would change the style in which women communicate. Results indicate that women who experience stereotype threat regarding leadership abilities react against the stereotype by adopting a more masculine communication style . Study 2 provides evidence that self-affirmation eliminates this effect of stereotype threat on women’s communication styles. A third study demonstrates an ironic consequence of this effect of stereotype threat on women’s communication—when women under stereotype threat adopt a more masculine communication style, they are rated as less warm and likeable, and evaluators indicate less willingness to comply with their requests. Theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed.
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E xtraversion-----------Introversion The most heavily researched individual difference in psychology First proffered by Carl Jung (1936) Described as a dimension of energy direction Eysenck (1952) was the first to find empirical support for this superordinate trait using factor analysis Extraverts: Outgoing, lively, sociable, energetic, positive, enthusiastic, gregarious, warm, excitable…impulsive, reckless Introverts: shy, inhibited, “loners,” taciturn, withdrawn, quiet, careful…contemplative, deliberate, low-risk taking behavior
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Outgoing and energetic People who score high on extraversion are more likely to talk more and sooner when they meet someone new, make eye contact, have firmer handshakes, endorse more permissive sexual attitudes, report having a higher sex drive, enjoy working with people Extraverts are more socially dominant Differences in attention and performance Extraverts perform better on divided attention tasks and avoiding distraction, while introverts do better with attending to details
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This is source of legitimate scientific controversy Lay definitions (based largely on Jung & Eysenck’s original formulations) of extraversion and introversion may not be accurate, statistically speaking. The main underlying factor
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Week+5+Lecture - The Big 5 Development Evidence Utility and...

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