Week+8+Lecture - Beyond Traits I Individual Differences in...

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Beyond Traits I Individual Differences in Motives and Desires
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Moving along
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Please stop talking about traits. What else is there? Characteristic adaptations We’ve constructed the skeleton. Now we need to fill in some details. And we need to organize these details into systems to talk about them Less stable than traits, more stable than moods Needs, motives, interests, desires, values, attitudes, beliefs,
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Science and the secret self To talk about human motivation, we have to start with Freud “We stand on the shoulders of giants, and mistake the broadened view for our own” - Urie Bronfenbrenner The man gets a bum rap: sex, incest, chauvinism, cocaine, cigar metaphors…. I’ll try to convince you that knowing Freud is worth something other than a punch line Among his seminal contributions, he created a massive epistemological crisis by questioning the degree to which human motives are known and knowable.
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Sigmund Schlomo Freud
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Freud questions self-knowledge For Freud, the forces that determine our behavior are unconscious to us. Freud was led to worry about the human capacity for self-knowledge by his observations of the ways, in ordinary everyday life, that people hide their real motives, wishes, and intentions from themselves. Parapraxes (or “Freudian slips”) Dream analysis Anna O. A reservoir ( unconscious mind ) of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories. To tap into that reservoir, Freud asked patients to say whatever came to their mind ( free association).
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Mental borderlands Social and person perception seem to rely heavily on unconscious processing Intuitive sensing Transference Unconscious processing may even be superior to deliberate rational thought when solving some types of problems (e.g., when you’re given lots of information quickly) Freud’s views on repression – a half truth Some people repress more than others People who often repress unpleasant stimuli recall fewer negative memories. But they also recall fewer positive memories.
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The implicit association test One (robust) way to measure unconscious bias: The Implicit Association Test (IAT) Measures strength of association between concepts „ „ Based on premise that associated concepts will be easier to categorize together
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IAT example https://implicit.harvard.edu/implicit/demo/take atest.html
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We are all going to die. Soon. Eros and Thanatos: fundamental
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Week+8+Lecture - Beyond Traits I Individual Differences in...

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