Second_Test_Review - Second Test Review Book Terms(18...

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Second Test Review Book Terms(18) Chapter 12: John Hibbing and Jeffery Mondak - these are 2 political scientists who conducted an analysis of congressional careers. They both concluded that representatives who have been in office longer, spend less time in their own district listening to constituents, but are also more effective as senior leaders. Experience allows them to be better law makers. Mondak specifically concluded that House members serving 7 or more terms were more competent lawmakers and Hibbings specifically concluded that term limits are a bad idea and "would likely result in a devastating loss of legislative acumen, expertise, and activity". prestige committees - there are a small number of prestige committees which are one of 3 kinds of goal seeking committees that exist in both the House and Senate (the others being"policy" committees and "constituency" committees) and are named according to which of the 3 goals is predominant. Prestige committees are highly prized and allow their members of Congress to hold a lot of power. In both chambers they control major taxing and spending issues (Ways and Means-house, Finance-senate, Appropriations-house and senate and now incorporate a few others like the Rules Committee, Energy and Commerce Committee- H and Foreign Relations and Armed Services -S). These committees are also known as "Super A" or "exclusive" hold (noun) - When a senator makes a formal request to be notified before a bill comes to the floor. In essence, a hold is a threat to filibuster and is often sufficient to deter the majority leader from scheduling a vote on a bill or nomination Chapter 13: positive government - The concept that Americans have come to accept. It is that our government is a government that plays a major role in meeting or preventing most major crises or problems faced by society. the CEO Presidency (p.439)- President George W. Bush organized the White House on a corporate model, referred to as a “CEO presidency.” In this version of the hierarchical model, the president would be the chairman of the board of the world’s biggest conglomerate. This is significant because a strong CEO model that works well in the private sector does not adapt as well in government. Unlike business executives who have clear authority to formulate and implement policy for their corporations, members of the executive branch of government do not. going public (p. 451) - A political strategy in which the president appeals to the public in an effort to persuade Congress to support his or her political goals. This is significant because the presidential power ultimately rests on the ability to persuade other political actors to do what the president wants. It is
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much easier to this when the president has overwhelming public support. Chapter 14:
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Second_Test_Review - Second Test Review Book Terms(18...

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