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Exam 1 study guide

Exam 1 study guide - EDPS 235 LEARNING AND MOTIVATION Study...

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EDPS 235 - LEARNING AND MOTIVATION Study Guide for Exam 1 Prof. Ala Samarapungavan TOPICS Behaviorism: Ormrod - Ch. 10, 13, (pp. 543-552) & Lectures Social Learning: Ormrod Ch.11, & Lectures Information Processing: Ormrod Ch. 6 & lectures BEHAVIORISM – Sub topics Basic Assumptions Operant Conditioning: Definition & Essential Conditions Principles of reinforcement (positive, negative, punishment, response costs) Types of Reinforcers (primary & secondary) Discrimination, Generalization, Cueing, Shaping Educational applications: Programmed instruction, mastery learning, direct instruction Critique: Limitations of behaviorism BASIC ASSUMPTIONS OF RADICAL BEHAVIORISM Read the following statements about learning. For each statement indicate whether a radical behaviorist teacher would consider the statement to be True or False: a. People learn in essentially the same ways that rats and pigeons do
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b. Complex new behaviors must be divided into small units and learned one piece at at a time c. Children are born with a natural curiosity and desire to understand their world d. Students often imitate the behavior of others (friends, parents, celebrities) because they identify with such people WHAT IS CONTINGENCY & HOW DOES IT INFLUENCE LEARNING? A 5 th grade teacher wants his students to complete assignments for math class in the allotted time. At the school, a recess follows math class. Which of the following situations best describes the contingency principle: a. The teacher makes the whole class stay in for recess if any student fails to turn in the assignment on time b. The teacher lets students who complete assignments go for recess early unless there are important announcements ahead c. The teacher praises students when they do assignments on time and encourages them to do better next time if they fail d. The teacher allows all students who complete assignments to go to recess at once and holds back students who are not done until they finish assignments WHAT IS CONTIGUITY & HOW DOES IT INFLUENCE LEARNING?
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