Lec 6 - Farrowing Birth Process Short Period 2 h (Extremely...

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Farrowing Birth Process Short Period 2 h (Extremely important from a management perspective) Equipment Crates Floors Feeders Supplemental heat Raised Crate physically removing pigs from potential bacteria allows improved air flow underneath crate generally has a warmer floor Farrowing Crate Design Minimize crushing and allow pigs access to sow's underline Force sows to drop slowly to her knees slowly and narrow at the top and flare out of the bottom Crates Finger crate
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Proctor Crate Bow-Bar Procter Crate Movable flexible has gas type shock absorber and counter weight Sow stands - inner bars move inner Initial setting of guard rail Must match sow's body Adjustments are needed pre and post farrowing - prefarrowing as wide as possible Floors Sanitation - easy to clean Pig performance Thermal environment - warm cost
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Behind Sow Sanitation Cost Thermal Properties (cool) Area will receive the most damage Piglet area Thermal properties (warm) Sanitation Pig Performance Cost Tenderfoot plastic coated wire heavy duty under the sow Other Flooring Materials Expanded metal Woven Wire Tri-bar Thin strips of triangular bar Tend to get feet stuck old tribar get slick (new tribar has notched) Airplane crate design Concrete slats under the sow Tribar best behind the sow Tenderfoot on the sides Can have expanded metal under the sow Wire for the pig Feeder - farrowing house minimize feed wastage
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easy access for sow and workers minimize build up of old feed feeders should be as wide as the crate Wide feeders allow spilled feed to fall back into feeder when sow eats - decrease feed wastage - easy access for sow and workers. Round feeders minimal corners (corner holds old feed). Feeder should be high enough that the sow has to stand up to eat Feeder must be far enough away from water to prevent wet feed Equipment supplement heat heat lamps or pads Heat lamp the height of the lamp controls the temperature With heat lamps, pigs can control their temperature by moving directly underneath or slightly away.
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This note was uploaded on 03/01/2012 for the course ANSC 443 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Purdue University-West Lafayette.

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Lec 6 - Farrowing Birth Process Short Period 2 h (Extremely...

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