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psych study guide for final

psych study guide for final - Chapter 1 Goals of Science...

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Chapter 1: Goals of Science The two disciplines from which psychology developed from Hypothesis- the predicted outcome of an experiment or an educated guess about the relationship between variables Independent variable: is the condition being investigated as a possible cause of some change in behavior. The values that this variable takes are chosen by the experimenter Dependent variables: the condition that is affected by the independent variable. Correlation : The existence of a consistent, systematic relationship between two events, measures, or variables. Causation: the act of causing some effect Control group: the group of subjects exposed to all experimental conditions or variables except the independent variable. Experimental group: the group of subjects exposed to the independent variable or experimental condition. Maslow: was interested in studying people of exceptional mental health. Such self actualized people he believed make full use of their talents and abilities. Psychoanalysis: A Freudian approach to psychotherapy emphasizing the exploration of unconscious conflict. The unconscious: contents of the mind that are beyond awareness, especially impulses and desires not directly known to a person. Psychiatrists: a medical doctor with additional training in the diagnosis and treatment of mental and emotional disorders. Behavior therapy: Evolutionary psychology Chapter 2: There are no questions from this chapter Chapter 3: Pregnancy Infant attachment: Secure attachment is a stable and positive emotional bond. Insecure-avoidant attachment is an anxious emotional bond marked by a tendency to avoid reunion with a parent or caregiver.
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