3/1/12 www2.fiu.edu/agirArdc/4700chAp.4.htm 1/1 www2.fiu.edu/agirArdc/4700chAp.4.htm Chapter 4 ofMcClemore I. Changing Pattern of Immigration--2nd Great Immigrant Stream (1890-1924) A. Begins after Civil War, when dramatic increase in immigrants from East/South Europe B. However, first stream from Northern/Western Europe peaks 1880-1889. C. 2nd stream becomes dominant after 1890: Italians and Russian Jew foremost, but also Austro-Hungarians, Bohemians, Bulgarians, Serbs, Croatians, Greeks, Slovaks, etc. D. Over 10 million immigrants (E/S Eur.)source of labor for emergent industrial economy II.Italian Immigrants (most important in 2nd stream) A. 3 million 1890-1920 B. Come from Southern region: contadini (landless, ignorant peasants) C. Do they go into farming? No, frontier closed: go into factories. Also, 9 times more likely to be barbers or hairdressers, 8 x likely hucksters/peddlers D. Trapped in dirty, squalid slums; Italian culture rather than structural conditions blamed E.Criminal Stereotype: every pizza parlor seen as front for Mafia
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