3/1/12www2.fiu.edu/agirardc/4700EUG.6.htm1/1www2.fiu.edu/agirardc/4700EUG.6.htmEugenics MovementI.Objectives Achieved by U.S. Eugenics Movement, which seeks selective breeding to improve humans1. Restrictions on marriage (anti-miscegenation predates;1896 Conn.1st pure eugenic law)2. Sterilization of genetic undesirables (laws in 30 states+Puerto Rico, 1907-1964)3. Restricted immigration (Emergency Quota Act 1921; Johnson-Reid Act 1924)II.Eugenics Movement arguments based on pseudo-sciencerooted in biological determinism,which has pattern of ignoring, discarding, falsifying evidenceA. I.Q. testing predated by:1. Physiognomy: facial angles used to determine inborn characteristics2. Phrenology: examines surface of head for bumps showing poverty, wisdom, etc.3. Craniology: cephalic index (width/length of skull) to measure intellect, moralsB. Craniology disproved:1. Anatomist Burt Wilder (1909) shows no difference between black/white brains2. Franz Boas in 1912 (1940) makes 18000 measurements of immigrants to U.S.
This is the end of the preview.
access the rest of the document.
Intelligence quotient, IQ scores, U.S. Euge nics, Group IQ differences