3/1/12 www2.fiu.edu/agirArdc/4700J±P.18.htm 1/1 www2.fiu.edu/agirArdc/4700J±P.18.htm Discrimination Against the Japanese Before 1952 I. Early Japanese Immigrants A. In 1880s, many perform menial labor in mining, lumber, railroad construction industries B. later become migratory agricultural workers--popular with growers because work hard C. skilled farmers turn desert/marshes into productive land:in CA,1% land,10% crop value II.Alien Land Law 1913 A. Response to threat of cheap labor/competition is not to welcome, but exclude B. Denies land ownership to those ineligible to be citizens; target Issei (1s gen. Japanese) C. 1880s, Supreme Court rules for excluding Japanese from naturalization(reversed 1952) D. Encourages urban self-employment among Japanese: small businesses III.Other Anti-Japanese Developments A. Japanese and Korean Exclusion League 1905, later renamed Asiatic Exclusion League 1. Mainly labor union representation, opposes immigration and intermarriage B.From 1905-1945, every session of CA legislature considers anti-Japanese measures
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Japanese diaspora, Government of Japan, Japanese- Americans