3/1/12www2.fiu.edu/agirardc/4700JEW.20.htm1/1www2.fiu.edu/agirardc/4700JEW.20.htmCauses of the HolocaustPart 1I.2000 \ears of religious antisemitism?A. Diaspora under Roman rule: after 3 major revolts, Rome destroys Judea, Jews fan out1. Yet some emperors were pro-JewishB. Crusades: Jews must convert or be massacred: in 1099 Jews in Jerusalem burned aliveC. Black Death (1347-1350): 1 out of 3 Europeans die; Jews blamed and slaughtered1. Not in Islamic Europe; only where image of “Christ killer” makes into a targetD. Spanish Inquisition: tries root out false Christian converts--many Jews flee to PolandE. Pogroms in Russia/Poland begin Easter 1881;murder of Jews causes exodus 1880-1920F. Reformation & religious pluralism: reduce anti-Semitism in W. Europe, not E. EuropeII.The HolocaustA.Turning point for Jews of Europe--Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany on 1/30/33:Would lead to death of 6 million Jews, managed/sanctioned by modern technocratic state.
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