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3/1/12 www2.fiu.edu/agirArdc/2010ch5pov.3.htm 1/2 www2.fiu.edu/agirArdc/2010ch5pov.3.htm Sullivan, Thomas (2003). Introduction to Social Problems. Povert\. Chap. 5 I. What is povert\?: 3 definitions: A. Absolute : fixed level; not rise with a society’s wealth. 1. Mollie Orshansky: $ necessary for nutritionally adequate diet x 3 in 1960s. Today, housing more $, so should be 5 x food budget B. Relative standard : e.g.15% with lowest income or families with 1/3 median family income. C. Cultural Definition : Considers why people are poor. As opposed to students, this definition considers those who are permanently and unwillingly poor to be in poverty. II. How man\ people are in povert\ in the United States? A. 2000, nonfarm fam 4<$17463: 31 million@1 in 8: pov rate 11.3% aft 1980 up to 13-15 %, now = 11-12 % in 1970s, & < avg 1960s Cutoff @35 % med fam income (54 % 1960s). III. Are the poor getting poorer and the rich richer? Yes, in last 30 \ears: A. In 2000, top 20 % get 49.6 % of income (up from around 41% in 1965 and 1980) B. In 2000, bottom 20 % get 3.6% of income (above 5% in 1965, 1980). C. Top 20 % of U.S. households have 80% of total wealth (Wolff 1995) D. In past three decades, only increase in top 20% in share of income. E. people in poverty for longer period today (more chronic) IV. Does the United States have more povert\ than other Nations? A. In Nations such as Haiti and Guatemala, as many as 65 % of the people live in absolute poverty.
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This note was uploaded on 03/02/2012 for the course SYG 2010 taught by Professor Jdennis during the Winter '08 term at FIU.

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