3/1/12 www2.fiu.edu/agirArdc/4700CIV.10.htm 1/1 www2.fiu.edu/agirArdc/4700CIV.10.htm Civil Rights Movement I.A stimulus predating movement: WWII A. Segregated military until July 1948 B.Pres. Truman¶s Executive Order 9981 forbids discrimination/segregation in military C. Inconsistency: blacks fight German bigotry but then come home to segregation II.Two Major Tactics of Civil Rights Movement A. Nonviolent Direct Action: sometimes involves illegal, although nonviolent, protest B. Legal strategy: challenging constitutional status of segregation in the courts III.A. Philip Randolph threatens march of 100,000 on Washington, D.C. in 1941 A. Example of nonviolent direct action, modeled on Ghandi¶s approach in India B. To prevent, Roosevelt¶s executive order prohibits discrimination in defense plants IV.Congress of Racial Equality or CORE (founded 1942) A. Organizes lunch counter sit-ins and, starting in 1947, freedom rides B. Another example of nonviolent direct action V.NAACP¶s Thurgood Marshall wins in Smith v. Allwright
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