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Unformatted text preview: 3/1/12 www2.fiu.edu/agirArdc/4700kkk.9.htm 1/2 www2.fiu.edu/agirArdc/4700kkk.9.htm Ku Klu[ Klan I.Baffling C\cles: One of the nation¶s first WeUUoUiVW organizations, KKK first appears during Reconstruction and then almost disappears during Jim Crow era.It suddenly reappears around ¡¡I, declines during Depression, re-emerges during Civil Rights era. II.KKK first emerges after Civil War (Reconstruction era) A. ¢igilante violence: lynching, floggings, shootings, mutilations B. Purpose: prevent blacks from voting; is invisible government officials could not control C. Membership by 1871: 550,000 D. £pper/middle class leadership: editors, former officers and leaders hide behind sheets E.Declines after1877 since North withdraws: Jim Crow renders invisible gov unnecessary III.First revival 1915-1920s (around WWI) A. 2 events set stage: 1. returning white ¡¡I soldiers compete with blacks for jobs a.Blacks enter northern cities during war to replace whites in industry 2.massive immigration (10 million +) from eastern Europe 1900-19242....
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- Winter '08
- Civil Rights, Ku Klu Klan, www2.fiu.edu/ girardc/4700kkk.9.htm, Jim Cro, KKK firs