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Chapter 2 - b psychology self ignored independent of roles...

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3/1/12 Chapter 2 1/1 www2.fiu.edu/agirardc/3120ch2.3.htm Lec 3. Chapter 2. Theories I. Symbolic Interaction Theory: focus on reciprocal acts (between people) and meaning 1. Symbols: words or gestures that stand for something else 2. Interactions: everyday words and actions that take place between people 3. Family as Unity of Interacting Personalities: Ernest Burgess (1926) defines a. Social roles: partly structure our marital and family interactions i. 1 or more social roles: for each person—wife, mom, child,etc. ii. sense of self: symbolic interactionists study how roles affect b. members create families: not just society c. social interaction: requires interpretation and sense making 4. Hothschild¶s Second Shift: looks at use “family myths”to justify leisure gap a. = sharing housework: 20% families;70% men do 1/3 -ò; 10% do <1/3 5. Critique: a. power minimized : takes more than communication to resolve conflict
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Unformatted text preview: b. psychology, self ignored: independent of roles c. individualism: personal happiness above responsibility, intact union d. ignores larger social context: soc.forces affect fam,e.g. racism,sexism II. Social Exchange Theory: measures actions and relationships in terms of cost-benefit 1. Resources: looks, intel., charm, humor, etc.—used to get what is wanted 2. equity: corollary—exchange must be fair, equitable a. result of inequity: anger, discomfort, distress can result in attempts to restore equity, psychological equity (convince self, others), or end rel. b. cooperative exchanges: max. joint profit; mutual trust/commitment c. competitive exchanges: each partner trying to max. own profit i. tertiary(no)involve in cargiving: try to max. vs. prim,second 3. Critique: sometimes act altruistically without reward; how compare values?...
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