Gay and Lesbian Families, Raising Children

Gay and Lesbian Families, Raising Children - Gay and...

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3/1/12 Gay and Lesbian Families, Raising Children 1/3 www2.fiu.edu/Agirardc/3120gay.htm `Ga\ and Lesbian Families, Raising Children. In 1993 US Census reports 601,209 unmarried same-sex households in the U.S. (in Kirk, 2002). Same-Se[ Conceptions . - Involves crucial decisions and is well planned out by most gay and lesbian couples. Donor Insemination (DI): 1 parent + donor sperm or eggs; about 30-50,000/ year in United States. Used mostly by infertile heter. couples, but also some single women and lesbians. x 88% of lesbian mothers in National Study conceived child through anonymous donor rather than adoption b/c concerned about legal issues with children and to avoid scrutiny of social worker. (Johnson, p. 92) Adoption : x Many adoption agencies won't work with same-sex parents. x Foreign adoption presents options; parent can identify to foreign agency as single parent, or domestic agency can ignore sexuality of parents when arranging adoption with foreign agency. (Johnson, p. 89-91) x In most states only one parent can be legal parent, therefore one parent will not have legal status in relation to child. Co-parenting : prospective gay father acts as sperm donor for prospective lesbian mother, then share custody of child. x Difficulties with unequal desire for involvement. (Johnson, p. 97) x One particular case in which prospective gay father's sperm was used to inseminate partner's sister. Gay parents say they're very happy with arrangement and outcome.
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Gay and Lesbian Families, Raising Children - Gay and...

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