3/1/12SYG 2000: Lecture 31/1www2.fiu.edu/agirardc/2000lec3.Ch1.htmSYG 2000: LecWXUe 3. ChapWeU 1: ReVeaUch MeWhodVI. Distinctive Features of Social Science Research: A. literature review: 1ststep review previous research, often in scholarly journalsB. formulate testable hypotheses: state what expect find (predict) based on theory1. example: ratio of female/male suicide risk decreases with industrial developmentC. operationalize concepts in hypothesis: precise measures: e.g. development=GNP/capD. validity of measures: measure what they purport to measureE. reliability: consistent (same) results when repeated over, even by other researcherII. Sample: elements selected from & representative of a larger, target populationA. random: all elements in pop have the same chance of being included in studyB. stratified: within categories, number in sample set to be proportional to populationIII. Surveys: respondents in sample asked neutral questions: not loaded to create biasA. example: not “Don¶t you think that men who kill themselves should go to hell?”
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social science research, d. dependent variable, A. literature review, Brajuha research example